Also by Reinvestment Fund

Policy Solutions Team

Reinvestment Fund’s Policy Solution’s team brings together a distinctive combination of expertise. With extensive experience in public management and program development, statistical research and analysis, and geographic information systems, the team brings an objective, well-rounded approach to every project we undertake.

Policy Advisory Board


To further bolster our capacity, Reinvestment Fund’s team has an advisory board that offers feedback and direction regarding our methods and products. The advisory board includes renowned academics and practitioners with various areas of expertise.

Charles Branas is Gelman Professor and Chair of the Department of Epidemiology at Columbia University. Dr. Branas has conducted research that extends from urban and rural areas in the US to communities across the globe, incorporating place-based interventions and human geography. His pioneering work on access to medical care has changed the healthcare landscape, leading to the designation of new hospitals and a series of national scientific replications in the US and other countries. His research on gun violence has been cited by landmark Supreme Court decisions, Congress, and the NIH Director. Dr. Branas has also led large-scale scientific work to transform thousands of vacant lots, abandoned buildings and other blighted spaces in improving the health and safety of entire communities. He has led multi-national efforts, producing extensive cohorts of developing nation scientists, national health programs, and worldwide press coverage.

Paul C. Brophy is a principal with Brophy & Reilly LLC, a consulting firm specializing in economic development, community development, and the management of complex urban redevelopment projects. One of Mr. Brophy’s specialties is the improvement of older industrial cities and neighborhoods within them. His recent work includes the use of anchor institutions as economic engines in older industrial cities. Mr. Brophy is also a Senior Advisor to Enterprise Community Partners and an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University. Mr. Brophy holds degrees from LaSalle University and the University of Pennsylvania, where he was trained as a city planner. Mr. Brophy is co-author of three books in the field, and has published numerous articles in professional journals.

Amy Crews Cutts joined Equifax as Chief Economist in March, 2011. A recognized industry expert, Dr. Cutts has over 20 years of economic analysis and policy development experience. As Chief Economist, she is responsible for analytics and research relating to the consumer wallet – assets, income, credit, and spending – along with macroeconomic forecasting, the analysis of employment and wage trends, and small business credit trends. She joined Equifax after spending over 13 years at Freddie Mac, serving as Deputy Chief Economist from 2003-2011. She has taught economics at Georgetown University, Johns Hopkins University, the University of Virginia and was Assistant Professor of Economics and Senior Researcher in the Maxwell School for Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University.

Stefanie DeLuca is an Associate Professor of Sociology at Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Johns Hopkins University. Dr. DeLuca’s studies the way social context affects the lives of disadvantaged families and young people. Her research focuses on urban poverty, educational inequality, and racial segregation, as well as the social policies designed to address these problems. She completed her Ph.D. in Human Development and Social Policy at Northwestern University and earned her BA studying psychology and sociology at the University of Chicago.

George Galster serves as the Clarence Hilberry Professor of Urban Affairs at the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Wayne State University. He has a wealth of experience in academic, governmental, non-profit and for-profit circles, and has published over 100 scholarly articles and book chapters, primarily on the topics of metropolitan housing markets, racial discrimination and segregation, neighborhood dynamics, residential reinvestment, community lending and insurance patterns, and urban poverty. Before going to Wayne State, Dr. Galster was the Director of Housing Research at the Urban Institute in Washington, DC. Dr. Galster is the author of the recently released Driving Detroit: The quest for respect in the Motor City.

Karen Leone de Nie is an assistant vice president in the community and economic development group at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Their work promotes the economic resilience and mobility of families and places by improving the evidence base about relevant issues, sharing ideas and creating tools to foster what works, and building relationships across sectors to achieve these goals. Prior to joining the Atlanta Fed, she was a researcher at Georgia Tech’s Center for Quality Growth and Regional Development, where she led applied research projects on the social determinants of health and regional planning approaches. Ms. Leone de Nie also worked for the Dallas/Fort Worth metropolitan planning organization, focusing on real estate development and environmental resource management. She earned a bachelor’s degree from the University of Wisconsin–Madison and a master’s degree in city and regional planning from the Georgia Institute of Technology.

Katherine O’Regan is Professor of Public Policy and Planning. She spent April, 2014-January, 2017 in the Obama Administration, serving as the Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research at the Department of Housing and Urban Development. She holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of California at Berkeley and spent ten years teaching at the Yale School of Management prior to joining the Wagner faculty in 2000. She teaches courses in microeconomics, poverty, program evaluation, and urban economics, and has received teaching awards from Berkeley, Yale, and NYU. Her primary research interests are at the intersection of poverty and space –the conditions and fortunes of poor neighborhoods and those who live in them. Her research includes work on a variety of affordable housing topics, from whether the Low Income Tax Credit contributes to increased economic and racial segregation, to whether the presence of housing voucher households contributes to neighborhood crime rates.

Nicolas P. Retsinas is a Senior Lecturer in Real Estate at the Harvard Business School where he teaches courses in housing finance and real estate in frontier markets. Mr. Retsinas is also Director Emeritus of Harvard University’s Joint Center for Housing Studies, a collaborative venture of the Graduate School of Design and the Harvard Kennedy School, and a Lecturer in Housing Studies at the Graduate School of Design. Prior to his appointment at Harvard, he served as assistant secretary for Housing-Federal Housing Commissioner at the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development and as Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision.

Katharine Stevens leads the early-childhood program at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), where she focuses on the research, policy, and politics of early care and education. She also studies the role of early learning in increasing opportunity for low-income Americans and the challenges of implementing rapidly expanding early-childhood initiatives, especially ensuring caregiver and teacher quality. Before joining AEI, Dr. Stevens founded and led Teachers for Tomorrow, one of the first teacher-apprenticeship programs in the United States, which recruited and trained teachers for New York City’s lowest-performing schools. She began her career in public education as a preschool teacher in New Haven, Connecticut, and St. Louis, Missouri. Her analyses and commentary have been published in Education Week, The Hill, HuffPost, Los Angeles Times, New York Daily News, New York Post, US News & World Report, and The Wall Street Journal. Dr. Stevens has a Ph.D. in education policy from Columbia University, a M.Ed. from Teachers College, an MBA from Columbia Business School, and a B.A. in US history from the University of Chicago.

John Summers is a founding shareholder and attorney with Hangley Aronchick Segal Pudlin & Schiller, where he also serves as Chair of the Ethics Committee. As a lawyer, Mr. Summers’ practice includes complex commercial, professional malpractice and misconduct, construction, health care, intellectual property and general business cases. Prior to attending law school, he briefly was an Economist with Glassman-Oliver Economic Consultants in Washington and a Junior Economist for the Council on Wage and Price Stability, also in Washington. He serves on Reinvestment Fund’s Board of Directors.